Human Resource Management is without a doubt the most important resource of an organization, the easiest and the most difficult to manage! HRM’s goals range from determining labor needs to managing and maintaining them. To this end, human resource management is responsible for the effective design and implementation of various policies, procedures, and programs. It is about developing and managing knowledge, skills, creativity, attitude, and talent and valuing them.
Human resource management is not just limited to the management and optimal exploitation of the human intellect. It also focuses on managing employees’ physical and emotional capital. Considering the complexity that comes with this, the scope of human resource management is increasing every day. It includes, but is not limited to, workforce planning, appointment (recruiting and selection), training and development, payroll management, awards and recognition, labor relations, grievance management, litigation, etc. In other words, we can say that it is about managing the development and harmonious relationships in the workplace and achieving a balance between organizational goals and individual goals.
The scope of human resource management is broad and far-reaching. Therefore, it is very difficult to define it concisely. However, we can classify it under the following headings:
- Human Resources Management in People Management: Usually it is the direct management of people, including personnel planning, appointment (recruitment and selection), training and development, induction and orientation, transfer, promotion, remuneration, dismissal and reduction, the productivity of employees. The overall goal here is to determine individual growth, development, and efficiency that indirectly contribute to organizational development. It also includes performance appraisal, developing new skills, paying salaries, incentives, subsidies, travel policies and procedures, and other related actions.
- Human Resource Management in Employee Welfare: This particular aspect of human resource management deals with working conditions and structures in the workplace. It covers a wide range of responsibilities and services, such as security services, health services, social funds, social security, and medical services. It also includes the appointment of safety managers, environmental improvement, workplace hazard elimination, senior management support, occupational safety, machine safety, proper cleaning, ventilation and lighting, sanitation, medical care, illness and benefit, accident, accident benefit, maternity, unemployment benefit, unemployment benefit, and child benefit. It also involves supervision, guidance to employees, building harmonious relationships with employees, education, and training. Employee well-being consists of determining the real needs of employees and meeting them with the active participation of management and employees. In addition, it also offers cafeterias, crèches, restrooms and cafeteria, accommodation, transport, medical assistance, education, health and safety, leisure, etc.
- HRM Labor Relations: As this is a highly sensitive area, it requires close interaction with trade unions or employee associations, which handle your grievances and resolve disputes effectively to maintain peace and harmony in the organization. It is an art and science to understand labor relations (union-management), collective bargaining, and disciplinary procedures, problem-solving with mutual efforts, understanding human behavior and maintaining labor relations, collective bargaining, and dispute resolution.
The main objective is to protect the interests of employees, ensuring the highest level of understanding, as long as it does not harm the organization. It is about establishing, growing, and promoting industrial democracy to protect the interests of workers and management.
The scope of human resource management is extremely broad, so it cannot be written concisely. However, for the sake of convenience and the development of understanding of the subject, we have divided it into the three categories mentioned above.